The present study was done in Cancer Hospital and Research Institute Gwalior (MP) to find out the frequency of ABO blood group and hemoglobin levels in lung cancer patients. ABO blood group is one of the main factor in patient’s genetic makeup and found to be associated with many diseases. Lung cancer is one of the major cancer affecting a large population now a day throughout the world. The frequency of B blood group was found to be highest with percentile frequency of 0.38 followed by O i.e. 0.33 in lung cancer patients. The ᵪ 2 value found to be 0.954 (p = 0.328<0.05). Low hemoglobin level (Anemia) was also found in cancer patients, Z test value 2.3324 (p= 0.0198<0.05) indicated the hemoglobin level was significantly lower in male patients than female patients. Z test value for the hemoglobin levels of smoker and non smoker lung cancer patients was found to be 3.1226 (p =0.0018<0.001) which showed significant lower level of hemoglobin in lung cancer patients with smoking habits than the non smoker lung cancer patients.
Carcinoma of cervix is the most common cancer in Indian women and accounts for 20% of all malignant tumours in the females. Squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) account for 75-80%, adenocarcinoma 15-25%, and adenosquamous carcinomas 3-5% of cervical cancers.
Objectives: To study histopathology of carcinoma of cervix and to find out the incidence rate, most common type of the carcinoma of cervix and to find out age predilection in various types of carcinoma of cervix.
Material and Method: This study was undertaken in the department of pathology over a period of 2 years from May 2010 to April 2012. All Hysterectomy specimens and cervical biopsies were processed routinely and paraffin sections were taken and stained with Haematoxylin and Eosin (H&E) for microscopic examination. Tumours of the cervix were classified and studied according to WHO classification.
Results: The most frequent condition diagnosed on cervical biopsies and hysterectomy specimens were benign cervical polyp (66.3%), followed by carcinoma (23.7%) and squamous intraepithelial lesion (0.2%). Out of all benign cervical polyps, occurrence of adenomatous polyp was highest. Incidence of squamous cell carcinoma (19.6%) was more as compared to adenocarcinoma (3.7%). The mean age of the squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, squamous intraepithelial lesion and benign cervical polyp was 49.1 years, 43.5 years, 47.7 years and 44.6 years respectively.
Conclusion: Incidence of squamous cell carcinoma was more as compared to adenocarcinoma. Occurrence of malignant lesions was earlier during 4th decade as compared to benign cervical lesions.