The local people are very much closely associated with nature, and with their ethno biological knowledge about the plants available around them, they can easily avert and cure themselves from several disease complications. The present study deals with the Ethno-medicinal plants used by tribal communities in Prakasam district of Andhra Pradesh, India. An ethno medicinal survey was carried out the use of medicinal plants in agency region; the information was gathered from tribals using an integrated approach botanical collections, group discussion and interview with questionnaire during 2014-15. Among 40 informants interviewed, 10 were tribal practitioners. A total of 43 taxa belonging to 40 genera and 25 families are documented. In most of case, fresh parts of the plants was used for the prepararation of diarrhea and dysentery.
Dried fruits of xylopia aethiopica are used in traditional system of medicine for the treatment of many diseases in Nigeria. This study evaluated the HPTLC fingerprint in the chloroform fraction of aqueous- methanol (1:4 w/w) extract of xylopia aethiopica fruits. The results revealed the purity, identity/structural characteristics and bioactive components of about eighty-one (81) phytotherapeutic chemicals consisting phytosteroid γ-Sitosterol (1%), carbohydrate (1.5%), alkaloids (22 %), flavonoids (31% ) terpenes (44.5%) , as well as fatty acids ( unsaturated, 54.3% and saturated 22.2%) and others (protein/amino acids etc., 23.5%) which have important clinical implications in determination of molecular targets and /or mechanisms of action of the physio-chemicals responsible for the various biological activities.