Background: Natural products have been found to be effective with least side effects as compared to commercially available synthetic treatment options. Medicinal plants produce bioactive molecules which show both antibacterial and antifungal activities. The bark powder ethanol extract and root oil of cinnamon has antimicrobial and anti inflammatory property. Cinnamon has a long history of usage as a medicinal product. Chinese medicines have used cinnamon as a neuro protective agent. It is also known to be used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Since the antibiotic resistance is increasing, and natural products are known to have antimicrobial property, it seemed worthwhile in assessing its efficacy as a mouth rinse. Aim & objective: To assess the antimicrobial property of cinnamomum verum as a mouthrinse compared to 0.12% chlorhexidine gluconate. Materials and methods: 30 participants were selected randomly for the study. They were divided into 3 groups. Pre and post saliva samples were collected before and after the administration of the respective mouth rinse. The microbial count was calculated from the samples. Results. Among the 3 groups chlorhexidine showed better antimicrobial property than crude extract of cinnamomum verum, but crude extract of cinnamon did show a reduction in the microbial count.
Berberis aristata (Berberidaceae) is an important medicinal plant and found in the different region of the world. It has significant medicinal value in the traditional Indian and Chinese system of medicine. The aim of the present investigation was undertaken to find out the phytochemical presence and Antimicrobial activity of aqueous and alcholic extract of Berberis aristata. Present study includes determination of phytochemical analysis, antimicrobial study and estimation of total flavonoid content. Preliminary phytochemical analysis showed the presence of carbohydrate, glycoside, alkaloid and flavonoid. Total flavonoid content was found to be 0.98%. Antimicrobial activity shows good positive result with gram positive bacteria. According to observed result it can be said that the concentration of 50µg/ml of plant extracts is the maximum inhibitory concentration.