Mortality due to Snakebites occurs in South Asian countries in highest ratio, particularly in India. Giving primary care in initial stages is very crucial. In India, Tribals’ save themselves using traditional medicines for many centuries including poisonous bites. Tribals’ of Tamilnadu identify and preserve herbals from ancient times 2 . Literatures (Four) were identified and reviewed for ethnomedicine used among tribals of Tamilnadu for snakebites during 1990 to 2014. Among hill tribes (Palliyar, Irular and Malayali) 18 plants were identified for treating snakebites either individually or as a combination drugs. These herbs were advised with food restrictions. Literatures on ethnomedicine by Tamilnadu tribals need to be documented. We recommend training the health care units in tribal areas on knowledge of ethnomedicine in case of emergency including snake bites to save lives.
The present study enumerated a total of 30 ethnoveterinary medicinal plant species used by Sugalis of Krishna district in Andhra Pradesh, India. This study gains prominence by the fact that such studies were not reported earlier from Krishna district. Nine Sugali villages (thands) constitute the present study area and information was elicited from tribal vaidyas (medical practitioners) and elderly people in the age group of 55-65 years. The 30 plant species belong to 19 different families and are used for the remedy of 10 livestock diseases. The findings of present study tally with the previous published reports in that the same plant species were used in the treatment of other veterinary ailments of livestock also. The medicinal use of these 30 plants species in conjecture with their similar utility reported earlier led to believe that the phytochemical screening of these plants would result in valuable active compounds of great veterinary significance.