This study aimed to identify and understand the utilization of medicinal plants for curing Rheumatoid arthritis used by tribes of Visakhapatnam District. A field study was conducted in Visakhapatnam tribal area during different seasons. The study area was found to use 32 plant species of 23 families for rheumatoid arthritis cure. Among the plant parts used, the highest number was observed for the use of roots to cure rheumatoid disorders. Thus researchers should observe ethnomedical information before deciding which kind of screening should be used in the search of drugs for rheumatoid diseases.
An ethano botanical study of differant family. The plant is used for the study for ethanomedicinal perpose. The ethnomedicinal data of 20 plants of different family were collected from akola District .These plant part or whole plant is used by peoples as medicinal use. All these plant is used traditional medicinal system of medicine such as ayurveda, The aim of my present research was recorded the indigenous knowledge about part of plant and whole plant is used as medicinal purposes and people should know the Botanical names, common names, and its uses of selected family.
Ailanthus excelsa, cressandra Infundibuliformis have been used traditional system of medicine to treat various health problems in tribal areas. The present study was carried out to investigate the antidiabetic potential of these plants. The ethanolic leaves extract of these plants were tested in streotozocin induced diabetic rats.In long term treatment of STZ induced diabetic rats ,the degree of the effect was determined by measuring blood glucose, triglycerides, cholesterol and creatinine levels. Both the extracts showed a significant anti-diabetic activity comparable with that of glibenclamide the methanolic extracts also showed improvement in liid profile and liver kidney functions which reinforce as a possible mechanism of their antidiabetic activity.
Catha edulis (qat) is an evergreen tree or shrub whose young leaves and stems are widely chewed in Eastern Africa. The aim of the present study was to document ethnomedicinal value of Catha edulis as used traditionally by the Ameru and Aembu communities of Kenya.
The study was conducted between the months of September (2014) and February (2015), and involved 42 key informants (32 males and 10 females) aged between 45 and 84 years. Snowball and purposeful sampling techniques were used in the selection of key respondents. A semi-structured questionnaire was administered to collect ethnomedicinal data using face-to-face interviews and discussions with key respondents.
Eleven traditional varieties based on information from key informants were identified and described. Out of these, 5 were from Embu County while 6 were from Meru County. Plant samples were collected and deposited at the University of Nairobi herbarium as voucher specimens. A total of 13 ethnomedicinal uses of qat were documented. Of these, 62% were reported only in Meru County while 15% were reported only in Embu County. The remaining (23%) were reported in both Meru and Embu counties. The major parts of the plant reported to have medicinal value were leaves. Young stems and roots had scanty medicinal value. Chewing fresh material was identified as the major method of crude drug preparation, although in some cases such as in the treatment of diarrhea, gonorrhea and toothache, boiling of fresh material was reported. The main mode of administration of drug is oral and there was no precise dosage reported for any given ailment.
The present study indicates that there is a rich knowledge of ethnomedicinal uses of qat particularly in Meru which forms groundwork for further efficacious study of the plant as that may provide a lead to the discovery of novel bioactive therapeutic agents. In addition, the traditional varieties of C. edulis identified by some morphological characters of taxonomic importance provide a vital clue of possible existence of infraspecific taxa of C. edulis which, to date, has no documented infraspecific taxa.
An ethno-botanical survey of Vijayapur district comprising five tehsils was conducted during February 2014 to April 2016. The main purpose of this survey was to document the traditional use of medicinal plants for mental health in vijayapur district. 29 species belonging to 28 genera and 20 families were found to be used to treat some psychological disorder. The scientific name and family, local name, habit, along with part used and mode of their administration are provided.
Kohl or surma is one such material which is widely used as medicine as well as cosmetics in traditional practices both in rural as well as urban India alike. Kohl stone is one of the major ingredients of kohl. Kohl stone used in the traditional practices is subjected to x-ray study to know the composition. X-ray study reveals that the composition of kohl stone is galena. It has been established by several studies that application of kohl does not cause lead poisoning. But recent scientific studies have reported lead poisoning following traditional lead based medication or kohl application. Similarly, Indian traditional medicinal texts advocates about the application of anjana (kohl) for curing eye diseases. But it has been mentioned that the prolonged and persistent use of anjana may cause conjunctivitis and cataract. Hence, the authors are of the opinion that application of kohl may be beneficial to eyes but still there may be a possibility of adverse effects on prolonged use. Key words Kohl stone, Kohl, Surma, Galena, Lead, Anjana