A protocol was optimized for the caulogenesis of fiver nut. Internodal explant showed immediate response in shoot regeneration and production of callus in in vitro cultures of Caesalpinia bonducella (L.) Roxb. commonly known as fiver nut. MS medium supplemented with 1 to 10 mg/l GA 3 was found to induce callus. The Internodal explant inoculated on MS medium with 6 mg/l GA3 was found to produce shoots after 35 days of inoculation. Maximum amount of pale yellow coloured friable callus was produced in 7mg/l GA3 of dry weight 1.513± 0.108 g. The method can be used to generate callus and shoot which are natural sources of pharmaceutical Compounds without disturbing the natural population of the plant.
Background: The use of traditional medicines in Kenya accounts for more than 70% or more of basic health-care treatments. Documentation of herbal plants is necessary because they are becoming more important, especially due to escalating costs of drugs and the focus on organic products in most developing countries. More so, with the development of resistance of pathogens to drugs, ethno-veterinary and ethno-human medicine might be the route to take since herbs tend to be broad spectrum in use. The aim of this study was to document traditional knowledge on ethnobotanical uses of medicinal plants in Kitui County.
Method: Data was collected through semi-structured open-ended questionnaires administered to 68 households in the study area. Simple random sampling was used to select households who were the final sampling units.
Results: Majority of the respondents (51.5%) had attended school up to primary level. Only about 6% of respondents were engaged as full-time herbalists whereas 90% had acquired traditional knowledge through informal trainings. A total of 62% of the informants acquired traditional herbal knowledge through apprenticeship from relatives with 29.4% of respondents taking between six months to one year to learn. A total of 42 plant species in 25 families were used in treating one or more disease conditions. Aloe secunduflora locally known as Kiluma was the most common medicinal plant, mentioned by 71% of the respondents. Other commonly used plants were Acacia nilotica, Zanthoxylum chalybeum and Azadirachta indica. Plucking of leaves (45.0%), digging of roots (31.4%) and debarking (11.6%) were the most commonly used methods of harvesting medicinal plants. The most commonly used plant parts were leaves (42%), stem bark (31%) and roots (21%). Acacia tortilis and Terminalia brownii were the most commonly used in the category of non-medicinal plant uses with 30% and 25% use frequencies respectively. The most common non-medicinal plant uses in the area were firewood, charcoal and animal feed.
Conclusion: The study provides crucial ethnopharmacological lead towards discovery of natural drugs for treatment of both human and livestock diseases in Kitui County. The study provides platform for conservation of the documented plant resources based on their vulnerability to over-exploitation.
Mortality due to Snakebites occurs in South Asian countries in highest ratio, particularly in India. Giving primary care in initial stages is very crucial. In India, Tribals’ save themselves using traditional medicines for many centuries including poisonous bites. Tribals’ of Tamilnadu identify and preserve herbals from ancient times 2 . Literatures (Four) were identified and reviewed for ethnomedicine used among tribals of Tamilnadu for snakebites during 1990 to 2014. Among hill tribes (Palliyar, Irular and Malayali) 18 plants were identified for treating snakebites either individually or as a combination drugs. These herbs were advised with food restrictions. Literatures on ethnomedicine by Tamilnadu tribals need to be documented. We recommend training the health care units in tribal areas on knowledge of ethnomedicine in case of emergency including snake bites to save lives.
The present study enumerated a total of 30 ethnoveterinary medicinal plant species used by Sugalis of Krishna district in Andhra Pradesh, India. This study gains prominence by the fact that such studies were not reported earlier from Krishna district. Nine Sugali villages (thands) constitute the present study area and information was elicited from tribal vaidyas (medical practitioners) and elderly people in the age group of 55-65 years. The 30 plant species belong to 19 different families and are used for the remedy of 10 livestock diseases. The findings of present study tally with the previous published reports in that the same plant species were used in the treatment of other veterinary ailments of livestock also. The medicinal use of these 30 plants species in conjecture with their similar utility reported earlier led to believe that the phytochemical screening of these plants would result in valuable active compounds of great veterinary significance.
Plants for thousands of years have been used to enhance health and for medicinal purposes. Psidium guajava is one which has an enormous wealth of medicinal value. Psidium guajava Linn, belonging to the Myrtaceae family, has been reported anti-diarrheal, hepatoprotective, hypoglycemic, lipid lowering, antibacterial and antioxidant activities. Psidium guajava is an important food crop and medicinal plant in tropical and subtropical countries is widely used like food and in folk medicine around of the world. The phytochemical screening of bark of Psidium guajava revealed the presence of metabolites and compounds tested for such as flavonoids, tannins, reducing sugar, terpenes, saponin, anthraquinones and alkaloids. The proximate analysis of dried bark gave a moisture content of 0.41 %, ash value of 11.5 %, acid insoluble ash of 4.5 %, Water soluble ash of 9.5 %, alcohol soluble extractive value of 20.8 % and water extractive value of 24.8 %.
An ethnobotanical survey was carried out among the ethnic groups (Irular) in Nilgiri District, Tamil Nadu. The tribal communities of Irular have rich knowledge about medicinal plants and its traditional uses. Therefore, we have done an exhaustive ethnobotanical survey in this area. In this present investigation, it is observed that the tribes being used 43 wild valuable plant species belonging to 28 families were identified with relevant information and documented in this paper with regard to their botanical name, family, vernacular name, parts used and utilization by the local tribal people for different human ailments. The common diseases treated by the herbal practitioner were asthma, cold, cough, indigestion, aphrodisiacs, paralyzes, skin diseases and diabetes.
Background: Natural products have been found to be effective with least side effects as compared to commercially available synthetic treatment options. Medicinal plants produce bioactive molecules which show both antibacterial and antifungal activities. The bark powder ethanol extract and root oil of cinnamon has antimicrobial and anti inflammatory property. Cinnamon has a long history of usage as a medicinal product. Chinese medicines have used cinnamon as a neuro protective agent. It is also known to be used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Since the antibiotic resistance is increasing, and natural products are known to have antimicrobial property, it seemed worthwhile in assessing its efficacy as a mouth rinse. Aim & objective: To assess the antimicrobial property of cinnamomum verum as a mouthrinse compared to 0.12% chlorhexidine gluconate. Materials and methods: 30 participants were selected randomly for the study. They were divided into 3 groups. Pre and post saliva samples were collected before and after the administration of the respective mouth rinse. The microbial count was calculated from the samples. Results. Among the 3 groups chlorhexidine showed better antimicrobial property than crude extract of cinnamomum verum, but crude extract of cinnamon did show a reduction in the microbial count.
Berberis aristata (Berberidaceae) is an important medicinal plant and found in the different region of the world. It has significant medicinal value in the traditional Indian and Chinese system of medicine. The aim of the present investigation was undertaken to find out the phytochemical presence and Antimicrobial activity of aqueous and alcholic extract of Berberis aristata. Present study includes determination of phytochemical analysis, antimicrobial study and estimation of total flavonoid content. Preliminary phytochemical analysis showed the presence of carbohydrate, glycoside, alkaloid and flavonoid. Total flavonoid content was found to be 0.98%. Antimicrobial activity shows good positive result with gram positive bacteria. According to observed result it can be said that the concentration of 50µg/ml of plant extracts is the maximum inhibitory concentration.