The paper investigates the impact of infrastructure on economic growth of Pakistan using Jarque-Berra, White test and Breusch-Godfrey techniques for the period (1974-2011). Overall the result reveal that Gross Domestic Product, Gross Fixed Capital Formation, Per Capita Health Expenditures, Total generation of electricity (Hydel + Thermal + Nuclear),Total Road Lengths ,Total Telephone Lines and CPI play an important role in economic growth in Pakistan. More importantly the study finds that infrastructure development in Pakistan has significant positive contribution to growth. The experience from Pakistan suggests that it is necessary to design an economic policy that improves the infrastructure as well as gross fixed capital formation for sustainable economic growth in developing countries.
The purpose of the study was to assess the employability and productivity of the graduates across programs in aid of policy formulation and curricular enhancement. The study asked 630 randomly selected respondents from the colleges of education, engineering, and architecture to respond to a questionnaire that sought information on the employability and productivity of the graduates. The findings revealed that the graduates of Don Honorio Ventura Technological State University are highly employable, and that a great majority of them have jobs aligned with their pre-service preparations. The graduates were found to be highly productive in terms of their perceived readiness on the requirements of their jobs. In terms of their performances in licensure examination, the education, civil engineering, and electronics and communication engineering graduates performed much higher than the national passing rates; but not for the electrical and mechanical engineering and architecture graduates. Some operational strategies and control mechanisms are deemed exigent to further improve the productivity of the graduates.
The purpose of this paper is to study how the technological innovation canachieve and promotesustainable development particularly in Africa. It considers forms of innovation technology that could enhancesustainable development.The paper presents the concept and strategies of Sustainable Economic Development, discusses existing technologies in sustainable development, shows the role of technology in sustainable development, and presents the information and communication technology to promote economic development in Africa andthe obstacles to set up policies for innovation technology in Africa.