Open Access Journals



Title : Capture time of carriers and photons density in quantum spin lasers
Authors : seyede nasrin hosseinimotlagh,simin avazzadeh

Here we describe the structure of two types of quantum spin laser form type quantum dots and wells according to the bucket model. Then, with according to the structures, we study the laser equations first in the conventional state, then we propagate the spin state to better gain. That is, carriers and photons density, with according to the optical gain in both the conventional and spin states, is ratio to time. In the end, we examine the system in a steady state for a state not captured (τ_c=0ps) and after passing (τ_c=2ps), which is captured and photons produced.

Keywords : capture time , photons density , quantum spin lasers
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Title : Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its association with type 2 diabetes in south Indian patients
Authors : Drala Srinivasa Rao,Pravesh Verma,Nancy Jennifer,Prathapavarma Digala,Carol Pereira

Metabolic syndrome is describes as a clustering of cardiovascular risk factors, such as, abdominal obesity, dyslipidemia, hyperglycaemia and hypertension. There are so many risk factors are common in Type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, and many of these risk factors are highly correlated with one another. The risk factors of the metabolic syndrome are of metabolic origin and composed of atherogenic dyslipidemia, high plasma glucose level, elevated blood pressure, a prothrombotic state, and a pro inflammatory state. The management of persons with metabolic syndrome should have to focus not only on blood glucose control but also includes approaches for reduction of other cardiovascular disease risk factors. The present study aims to understand the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its association with type 2 diabetes. The study group included 150 type 2 diabetes patients in the age group ranging between 20-80 years. Waist and hip circumference, BMI, Blood pressure, fasting blood glucose and Cholesterol tests like HDL and Triglycerides was determined. Prevalence of individual risk factor for metabolic syndrome was determined out of 150 patients and 97 patients were observed with high blood pressure, 85 patients were observed with low levels of HDL, 60 patients were observed with central obesity, 45 patients were observed with high triglycerides and all 150 patients were observed with diabetes.

Keywords : Metabolic Syndrome , insulin resistance , Abdominal obesity , cytokines , type 2 diabetes
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Title : Cancer Systems Biology & Epidemiology: Application in Target Identification, Combinatorial Drug Therapy & Personalized Medicine
Authors : Navneet Kumar Yadav,Ankur Omer,Poonam Singh,R. K. Singh

Network biology

Keywords : KEYWORDS : Cancer Epidemiology
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Manuscript Code : ABSTRACT Cancer-signalling networks are typically complex which involves gene regulation, signalling, cell metabolism, and the alterations in its dynamics caused by the several different types of mutations leading to malignancy. Computational model of networks make possible to understand the complex behaviour of cancer-signalling network. Correlation between complexity (clustering coefficient) of cancer-signalling network pathway and Cancer Epidemiological data sets (Cancer incidence, Death rate and lifetime risk of cancer) has been validated. Results of study support the initial assumption, that the complexity of network matrices is a direct indicator of cancer threat. Understanding the differential behaviour of regulatory networks during health, disease and in response to drugs play a crucial role to enhance drug development efforts, new target identification, delineation of off-target effects, methods of disease prediction, combinatorial drug regimens and also in development of molecularly targeted personalized treatment.


Title : Anti-inflammatory plants: an elementary review
Authors : Pravesh Verma,Apoorva Tiwari,Rishabh Sharma,Neeraj Kumar

Anti-inflammatory, interleukins, TNF, COX-2, Cytokines: The inflammatory action is described as a chain of events that arise in response to noxious stimuli, infection or trauma. Various botanical species and plant parts comprise a diverse array of polyphenolic non-steroidal phytochemicals that are incorporated as floral pigments for the attraction of insects as their pollination. Various autoimmune disorders are defined by distinct inflammation and associated failure of the repair process. Pro-inflammatory molecules like TNF, certain interleukins, prostaglandins and even pathogenic concentration of nitric oxide are instrumental in raising such response. More interestingly, nitric oxide has been shown to have the ability to stimulate COX-2 showing a potential synergism. Bryophyllum pinnatum commonly known in some parts of Africa as “good luck” or “resurrection plant”, often used as an herbal remedy for human disorders, including: hypertension, diabetes mellitus, rheumatism, joint pains, insect bites, arthritis, bruises, wounds, boils, abscesses, headaches, and body pains. The leaves are also used for inguinal lymphadenitis and ear diseases. Rue contains different active compounds, out of them rutin, a flavonoid, is known to have nitric oxide scavenging activity.

Keywords : Anti-inflammatory , interleukins , TNF , COX-2 , Cytokines: The inflammatory action is described as a chain of events that arise in response to noxious stimuli , infection or trauma. Various botanical species and plant parts comprise a diverse array of polyphenolic non-steroidal phytochemicals that are incorporated as floral pigments for the attraction of insects as their pollination. Various autoimmune disorders are defined by distinct inflammation and associated failure of the repair process. Pro-inflammatory molecules like TNF , certain interleukins , prostaglandins and even pathogenic concentration of nitric oxide are instrumental in raising such response. More interestingly , nitric oxide has been shown to have the ability to stimulate COX-2 showing a potential synergism. Bryophyllum pinnatum commonly known in some parts of Africa as “good luck” or “resurrection plant” , often used as an herbal remedy for human disorders , including: hypertension , diabetes mellitus , rheumatism , joint pains , insect bites , arthritis , bruises , wounds , boils , abscesses , headaches , and body pains. The leaves are also used for inguinal lymphadenitis and ear diseases. Rue contains different active compounds , out of them rutin , a flavonoid , is known to have nitric oxide scavenging activity.
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Title : Experimental study of the mechanical characteristics of mortars produced with a binder containing two cow dung ashes
Authors : Ernesto Cabral Houehanou,Marx Ferdinand Ahlinhan,Emmanuel Timothée Olodo,Gérard Léopold Gbaguidi-Aisse,Gérard Degan

cow dung ash, additional mineral, mechanical characteristics, pozzolanic activity:This study concerns the evaluation of the mechanical characteristics of five mortars produced with a binder containing different proportions of cow dung ash produced in laboratory with objective to its using as additional mineral in the production of mortars. Five other mortars are produced with the same binder containing the same proportions cow dung ash produced traditionally and a standard mortar (control) is also produced with the same binder without any mineral in addition. Some compressive strength tests are carried out on test specimens of mortar (40x40x160 mm3). The compressive strength and chemical characteristic allowed us to estimate and to compare the mechanical characteristics and the pozzolanic activity ratio of both used ashes. The pozzolanic activity ratio of both types of cow dung ash is estimated to 75% and 68% in 28 days. The mechanical characteristics of the mortars containing some cow dung ash produced in laboratory are superior for the greater part to those of the mortars containing some cow dung ash produced traditionally. On the other hand, the medium-term (56 and 90 days) mechanical characteristics of the mortars containing until 15 % of cow dung ash produced in laboratory are equivalent to those of reference mortar.

Keywords : cow dung ash , additional mineral , mechanical characteristics , pozzolanic activity:This study concerns the evaluation of the mechanical characteristics of five mortars produced with a binder containing different proportions of cow dung ash produced in laboratory with objective to its using as additional mineral in the production of mortars. Five other mortars are produced with the same binder containing the same proportions cow dung ash produced traditionally and a standard mortar (control) is also produced with the same binder without any mineral in addition. Some compressive strength tests are carried out on test specimens of mortar (40x40x160 mm3). The compressive strength and chemical characteristic allowed us to estimate and to compare the mechanical characteristics and the pozzolanic activity ratio of both used ashes. The pozzolanic activity ratio of both types of cow dung ash is estimated to 75% and 68% in 28 days. The mechanical characteristics of the mortars containing some cow dung ash produced in laboratory are superior for the greater part to those of the mortars containing some cow dung ash produced traditionally. On the other hand , the medium-term (56 and 90 days) mechanical characteristics of the mortars containing until 15 % of cow dung ash produced in laboratory are equivalent to those of reference mortar.
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Title : Build very simple design and cost effective Geiger-Muller counter
Authors : Newaz Morshed Remon,Captain Md. Tanjir Hassan,Md. Shamim Hassan,Md. Ghulam Zakir

This paper describes our first undergraduate project experience, final report and findings on the subject matter. Initially according to our project title, we were focused on developing a low cost detector which can detect radiation only. To make one of these kinds of detector doesn't take much and can be prepared at fairly low cost being very common project in nuclear science arena. The Geiger-Muller tube, or GM tube, is an extremely useful and inexpensive way to detect radiation. While the GM tube can only detect the presence and intensity of radiation, this is often all that is needed.

Keywords : :.Introduction , Statement of Problem , Objectives , Plan of action , Technical specification , Theoretical Overview , Hypothesis , Procedure , Geiger Bot Compatibility , Application , Discussion , conclusion , Acknowledgment , References
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Title : Effect of salinity on some morphophysiological characters of somatic embryogenesis-regenerated plants of pineapple [Ananas comosus (L.) Merr. cv. Smooth Cayenne]
Authors : Kouadio Oi Kouadio Samuel,Yapo Edwige Sopie Salomé,Coulibaly Souleymane,Kouakou Tanoh Hilaire

Pineapple in Côte d'Ivoire is going through problems of various origins. Reviving this state imperatively requires both to clean up the plant material and to select varieties which easily adapt to the current pedoclimatic conditions of growing areas. This work assesses the impact of salinity on regenerated pineapple plants by somatic embryogenesis. The tests were carried out in polyethylene bags filled with sea sand, under semi-controlled conditions. Regenerated pineapple plants were watered with six saline solutions (2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 14 g/L). Control plants were watered with water. The results revealed that salt stress reduces the studied morphophysiological parameters (number of leaves and roots, length of leaves and roots, chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b and total chlorophyll content, the carotenoids content and the relative water content). Pineapple tolerates low salt levels (2 and 4 g/L). However, important disturbances were observed in the metabolism of stressed plants with high levels of NaCl (6 and 10 g/L). As an adaptation strategy to maintain its metabolism from this stress, pineapple responded by accumulating proline. The highest saline content (14 g/L) was found to be lethal for pineapple plants.

Keywords : Acclimation , Ananas comosus , pineapple , sodium chloride , smooth cayenne
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Title : i AMF – Centralized database of arbuscular mycorrhizal distribution, phylogeny and taxonomy
Authors : Manju M. Gupta,Nikhat Naqvi,Prabhat Kumar

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal database, named iAMF (www.amfungi.aurobindo.du.ac.in) is first digital database on biodiversity and phylogeny of these beneficial fungi in India. It provides access to data on 161 species of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) along with comprehensive information on their GPS location of reported occurrence, taxonomy, molecular sequence, phylogeny and bibliography. The database is based on primary data collected by authors through ongoing surveys (year 2009-2017) and secondary data from earlier studies (2008–2016). Data is carefully curated to verify that it corresponds to the reference publication and a valid species name is used. Apart from being ecological meta-analysis data source, it would have significant application in selection of non-indigenous AMF inoculum in agriculture, reforestation, horticultural and land reclamation practices.

Keywords : AM fungi , database , arbuscular , phpMiniAdmin
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Title : Hair Disorders, Treatment and Care: an Overview
Authors : A. K. SRIVASTAVA,S. C. SRIVASTAVA,NIMANSHI SRIVASTAVA

Hair loss is very common disorders in human belonging to every age group . Hair loss (alopecia) affects men and women and often significantly affects social and psychologic well-being. Although alopecia has several causes, a careful history, close attention to the appearance of the hair loss, and a few simple studies can quickly narrow the potential diagnoses. Androgenetic alopecia, one of the most common forms of hair loss, usually has a specific pattern of temporal-frontal loss in men and central thinning in women. Topical minoxidil has approved to treat men and women, with the addition of finasteride for men. Telogen effluvium is characterized by the loss of “handfuls” of hair, often following emotional or physical stress. Alopecia areata, trichotillomania, traction alopecia, and tinea capitis have unique features on microscopic examination that aid in diagnosis. Evaluating and treating hair loss (alopecia) is an important part of primary care, yet many physicians find it complex and confusing. Hair loss affects men and women and frequently has significant social and psychologic consequences. Therefore it is highly imperative to find safe alternative or a new therapy to treat such hair losses. RCHMA has developed a new homoeopathic formulation to treat all kind of hair disorders. Formulation “HAIR LOSS” is highly efficient to treat various disorders. About more than 4000 diagnosed cases of hair loss are well treated. Some cases were detailed in the present paper.A detail review of its efficiencies are explored in the paper for general as well as scientific interest

Keywords : Hair Disorder
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Title : In-Silico Characterization of 14-alpha Sterol Demethylase of Aspergillus fumigatus
Authors : Pravesh Verma,Navneet Kumar Yadav,Kunwar Sarvendra,A. K. Srivastava

The eukaryotes sterol pathways are extremely conserved and these biosynthetic pathway are very long which includes the synthesis of dolichols, coenzyme Q, heme A, and isoprenylated proteins.14-Demethylase is an essential enzyme of the cytochrome P450 superfamily, which is potential the target of azole antifungals. Predicted results shows that 14-alpha sterol demethylase have molecular weight of 58930.8 Daltons and the theoretical isoelectric point (pI) of 7.64. The negative Grand average of hydropathicity (GRAVY) index of ‐0.125. The Aliphatic index of Aspergillus fumigates 14-alpha sterol demethylase is 89.48. Alpha helix (Hh) accounts 210 amino acids of about 40.08%. The extended strand (Ee) had 91 amino acids accounting 17.37, Beta turn (Tt) made up of 51 amino acids making up 9.73% and random coil (Cc) made up of 172 amino acids accounting 32.82%. The subcellular localization of 14-alpha sterol demethylase Cyp51B was predicted to be a Plasma membrane protein.

Keywords : Aspergillus fumigates , ergosterol , azole , cytochrome P450
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