The local people are very much closely associated with nature, and with their ethno biological knowledge about the plants available around them, they can easily avert and cure themselves from several disease complications. The present study deals with the Ethno-medicinal plants used by tribal communities in Prakasam district of Andhra Pradesh, India. An ethno medicinal survey was carried out the use of medicinal plants in agency region; the information was gathered from tribals using an integrated approach botanical collections, group discussion and interview with questionnaire during 2014-15. Among 40 informants interviewed, 10 were tribal practitioners. A total of 43 taxa belonging to 40 genera and 25 families are documented. In most of case, fresh parts of the plants was used for the prepararation of diarrhea and dysentery.
Nature has provided a complete store-house of remedies to cure all aliments of mankind. Records of pre-historic civilization in different parts of the world revealed considerable range of medicinal plants to cure human ailments. M. oleifera belongs to family Nyctaginaceae. M. oleifera has been extensively used in almost all folklore remedies around the world for treating a variety of conditions. It has been reported that indigenous Mexican population uses various decoctions and preparations of M. oleifera for muscular pain, diarrhoea, dysentery, and abdominal colic. The plant has been extensively studied for a variety of bioactive principles and screened for different pharmacological activities. The ethanolic extract of the leaves and the stem was found to have potent antinociceptive activity in experimental mice. The plant has also proved to possess antibacterial, antiviral and antioxidant activity. This article briefly reviews the botany, pharmacology, biochemistry and therapeutic application of the plant. This is an attempt to compile and document information on different aspects of M. oleifera and highlight the need for research and development
Plants provide most of the food products consumed by indigenous people in tropical countries. A study of wild edible plants in the tribes of North-coastal Andhra Pradesh was carried out to assess their economic importance. Eighty species belonging to 43 families. Among them 33 were trees, 17 shrubs, 5 climbers, herbs 18, Crass 4, and vines 3. Some edible plants have great economic value and are highly linked with socio-economic development of tribal communities of the state. The importance of documenting the use of wild edible species in this hotspot region is especially important because of rapid loss of biodiversity due to anthropogenic disturbance. The outcome of the present study may be helpful to have an understanding and thus make a conservation strategy of the wild edible species
Dried fruits of xylopia aethiopica are used in traditional system of medicine for the treatment of many diseases in Nigeria. This study evaluated the HPTLC fingerprint in the chloroform fraction of aqueous- methanol (1:4 w/w) extract of xylopia aethiopica fruits. The results revealed the purity, identity/structural characteristics and bioactive components of about eighty-one (81) phytotherapeutic chemicals consisting phytosteroid γ-Sitosterol (1%), carbohydrate (1.5%), alkaloids (22 %), flavonoids (31% ) terpenes (44.5%) , as well as fatty acids ( unsaturated, 54.3% and saturated 22.2%) and others (protein/amino acids etc., 23.5%) which have important clinical implications in determination of molecular targets and /or mechanisms of action of the physio-chemicals responsible for the various biological activities.